Indonesia is one of the biggest countries in the world, with more than 13 466 islands and over 267 million people, it is the world’s 4th most populous country.
Indonesia has the largest number of volcanoes in its territory. There are more than 500 volcanoes spread all around Indonesia. 129 volcanoes are still active and 70 are called “very active” because they have eruptions very often. The reason why there are a lot of volcanoes is that Indonesia is located on the “Ring of Fire”.
Everybody knows the eruption of Krakatoa in 1883, which was among the most violent volcanic events in recorded history: all the world was affected and especially the weather.
The last volcano eruption happened in April 2020: “Anak Krakatau” (Child of Krakatau). The eruption is not thought to be major, although it’s the longest eruption since 2018. This volcano is an island between the islands of Java and Sumatra. It emerged from a caldera left by the explosive volcanic eruption that destroyed the island of Krakatoa in 1883.
Volcanoes are dangerous but they are also intriguing due to their intrinsic beauty. I want to share with you 7 of them.
1. Mount Bromo
Bromo is an active volcano in East Java, located in Bromo Tengger Semeru national park and part of the Tengger massif. This volcano is very famous and one of the most visited tourist attractions in West Java. Very beautiful at sunrise!
2. Mount Merapi
This is the most active volcano in Indonesia. Located in central Java in Yogyakarta, this volcano has always erupted since 1548. The biggest eruptions were 1994, 2006, and 2010. Thousands of people are still living on the flanks of the volcano. There is a museum about the volcano in the village.
3. Mount Rinjani
Rinjani is a very famous volcano in Indonesia because of the view and beautiful nature around it. Mount Rinjani is an Active volcano located in Lombok and the second highest volcano in Indonesia, West Nusa Tenggara. There is an amazing lake called Segara Anakan on the summit of the volcano and it’s very beautiful.
4. Mount Agung
Mount Agung is located on the very beautiful island: Bali. It is the highest point. Around you can find the Lake “Batur” inside of the caldera of the active volcano. The last eruption was in 2019. This is also an important agricultural area, with cultivation of a wide range of produce. This volcano is beautiful and fascinating.
5. Anak Krakatoa
Anak Krakatoa – Child of Krakatoa, located in Sunda between Java and Sumatra, in the province Lampung. The last biggest eruption was in 2018 and was the cause of a tsunami. This island is a tourist attraction.
6. Mount Semeru
Mount Semeru is an active volcano in East Java and this is the highest mountain in Java. Semeru is also known as “Mahameru” which means “The Great Mountain”. Semeru is one of the most visited volcanoes in Java. Semeru’s eruptive history is extensive. Since 1818, at least 55 eruptions have been recorded (10 of which resulted in fatalities) consisting of both lava flows and pyroclastic flows. Mount Semeru is one of the most popular hiking destinations in Indonesia. The approval of a permit is very long — don’t wait until the last minute!
7. Mount Kerinci
Mount Kerenci is located in Sumatra Island and is surrounded by the lush forest of “Kerinci Seblat National Park”, home to the endangered species of Sumatran tiger and rhinoceros. At 3 805 meters above sea level, Kerinci is the highest volcano in Indonesia. At the summit, there is a deep 600 m wide crater, often partially filled by a small crater lake on the northeast side of the crater floor.
This Mountain is surrounded by tea and cinnamon tree plantation, you can enjoy not only the view but also the perfume.