Paris is investing 250 million euros ($290 million) to make the city entirely cyclable, the World Economic Forum reports. In a new initiative called “Plan Velo: Act 2”, which aims to to make Paris completely cyclable by 2026, the goal is to update the Plan Velo for an even more cycle-friendly city. The proposal stems from mayor Anne Hidalgo, who widely won re-election in June 2020, in part thanks to a focus on more measures for biking.
Paris hasn’t always been known to be particularly easy to navigate for people on bicycles compared to those who choose to drive in cars or who take the metro. But with the pandemic and a recent transportation strike in 2019, more people have turned to biking to make their way around the city. During the pandemic alone, more than 50 kilometers (31 miles) of what were temporary bicycle-only lanes, called coronapistes, have now been made permanent.
The priority is the safety of all users of public space, starting with the most vulnerable ones: pedestrians.City of Paris
Under Plan Velo: Act 2, which spans from 2021 to 2026, Hidalgo aims to add another 130 kilometers (over 80 miles) of bike-safe pathways, in addition to the corona pistes, throughout the city. The plan will also add more cycling facilities, transform some car parking spots into bike parking and boost maintenance measures, like snow removal and cleaning, for cycle paths.
The city is already underway in removing more than 70% of existing on-street parking spots designated for motorcars. Plan Velo: Act 2 also outlines measures to teach children to ride bikes in schools, add repair workshops in each district of the city, and encourage cycling tourism.
The first plan, Plan Velo, spanned 2015 to 2020 and added the REVe, an express cycling network on the north-south and east-west axes and along The Seine. Now, the city hopes to take its biking initiatives further as more and more people turn to cycling to get around Paris.
Cycling tourism is experiencing spectacular growth at the national level. Four major national or transnational bicycle routes cross Paris.City of Paris
One of the key aspects to address is theft. In the city, 6631 complaints of bicycle theft were recorded in 2020, a 7% increase over 2019. 81% of people who do not want to use a bicycle cite fear of theft as the primary reason for not using a bicycle. The availability of parking, especially secure parking, is therefore one of the determining factors for using a bicycle as a means of transportation.
Bicycle counters recorded an increase in cycle paths by 47% on average between 2019 and 2020 and by 22% between 2020 and 2021. On some axes, the increase between 2019 and 2020 rises to 60%.
As such, Paris is responding by adding a total of over 180 kilometers (112 miles) of dedicated two-way cycling paths and making safer cycling pathways against car traffic on 390 kilometers (242 miles) of one-way streets. The city also plans to configure traffic lights to benefit commuters who choose to bike or take public transit instead of driving.
Until now, automobile traffic has been favored through the regulation of traffic lights. From now on, priority is given to buses, trams and bicycles thanks to a ‘green wave’ system (specific setting of traffic lights).
These measures will only help the city’s goal to become one of the top bike-friendly locations in the world. With continued success, Plan Velo: Act 2 may even encourage other metropolitans around the world to follow suit.